19 days, 208 countries, 11,384 athletes, 42 sports, and 311 events - THAT is the makeup of the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio which begins with the Opening Ceremonies Friday, August 5.
Sure, there are the widely popular, televised sports like track, swimming, and gymnastics. But we all know, as gun enthusiasts, we’ll be eagerly watching USA’s Shooting Team.
The difference between the shooting sports and other sports is the mental and psychological skills required in comparison to physical strength. Shooting is a test of accuracy and control. Competitions have been won and lost by millimeters!
Olympic Shooting was first seen at the first Olympic Games in 1896, Athens. There were only 39 competitors, representing seven different nations, who competed in a total of five events - three pistol and two high-power rifle. In just the second Olympic Games, the number of competitors grew to 139, representing 13 nations, and the number of events increased to three pistol, five rifle, two clay target and one running target.
The number of shooters from different nations continued to rise over the years, and the number of events continued to change.
All events were "mixed" events in which men and women competed together, but in 1984 the International Olympic Committee agreed to add three women's events. Since 1996, men and women competed separately.
In 2004, the number of participants in Olympic shooting reached a record - 390 athletes representing 106 countries. The 2012 Olympic Games in London beat that record with 390 athletes from 108 nations.
In 2016, 390 athletes from 97 nations have qualified to compete in the Rio Olympic games.
FUN FACT: China's Zhang Shan won the mixed trap in the Barcelona 1992 Games, and became the first woman to win a mixed shooting event.
Since the introduction of the shooting sports to the Olympics in the first Olympic Games in 1896, the number of events fluctuated. It wasn't until 2004 when the Olympic program finalized 15 events and it has been consistent ever since.
There are three disciplines for the sport, which include rifle, pistol and shotgun.
Each discipline has five events, with nine events for men and six events for women.
10m Air Pistol
10m Air Rifle
25m Rapid Fire Pistol
50m Rifle 3 Positions
50m Rifle Prone
10m Air Pistol
10m Air Rifle
50m Rifle 3 Postions
Every event consists of a qualification and a final round. All athletes compete in the qualification round, but only the top six or eight athletes, depending on which event it is, move on to the final round. Some events include a semi-final round prior to the medal match. The winner is determined by the athlete who totalizes the highest overall score. Any ties are broken by shoot-offs.
Fun Fact: In Melbourne 1956 Games, Canada's Gerald Ouellete earned a perfect score of 600 in the prone rifle event - that means he hit 60 bullseyes in a row!
Many may not understand the demands for Olympic Shooting athletes. The sport does not require as much physical strength as others, but it does demand intellectual and psychological skill.
Athletes in Rio 2016 Olympic Shooting range from age 16 to 55. The youngest athlete, 16-year old Jones Aislin hails from Australia. She will be competing in the Women's Skeet event. The oldest athlete, at age 55, is Reichardt Paula Bernardo from Paraguay, who will compete in Men's Double Trap event. Majority of those participating in Olympic Shooting are somewhere between age 26 and 40.
Swede Oscar Swahn is the oldest Olympic medallist winner in history. He was 72 when he won the silver medal at the Antwerp 1920 Olympic Games.
While most of us will be cheering for the home team, Team USA, there are 96 other nations being represented.
Team USA is made up of 20 athletes competing in 14 of the 15 events. Team members Carl Osburn and Kim Rhode currently hold the record for top medals; countries like Sweden, Norway, Russia and Bulgaria also rank in the top for most medals in Olympic Shooting.
Carl Osburn holds 11 medals, including 5 golds.
But all eyes will be on Kim Rhode, five-time Olympic medal winner, who broke the Skeet Olympic Record and equalled the World Record at the 2012 Olympics in London. She is also the only USA athlete to win medals in five consecutive olympic games.
FUN FACT: In London 2012, 9 nations won 15 golds: Belarus, China, the Republic of Korea, Croatia, Cuba, Great Britain, Italy, Romania and the USA.
The shooting events will run from Saturday, August 6 until Sunday August 14th.